The Role of Data in Predictive Marketing
Marketing software is becoming increasingly intelligent, with vendors building predictive algorithms to improve every aspect of demand generation and sales.
But it’s only as good as the data fueling those algorithms.
Predictive marketing tools: An overview
Lattice, Infer.com, and Fliptop provide tools for predictive scoring of leads on the top of the funnel. InsideSales.com empowers inside sales teams with predictions as to who and when to call to increase lead qualifications and sales. C9, DxContinuum, and Aviso analyze later stages of a sales pipeline and help businesses to forecast revenue.
Customer success tools such as Gainsight, Preact, and Bluenose Analytics even help after the deal has been successfully closed and the lead has become a customer: They predict which of the customers is likely to churn (drop away), and they help identify upsell opportunities for happy customers.
All those tools address different stages of customer life cycle but are based on a common set of principles: Assemble customer data from multiple sources, consolidate it by customer, store it in an analytical database, and run predictive models against it.
The quality of the data is crucial, and any predictive analytics engine without the right data is like a Ferrari without fuel.
What kind of data do you need?
Generally there are two kinds of data circulating inside modern marketing software systems: internal behavioral information about leads and customers, and external information about leads and the companies they represent.
Internal behavioral signals are gathered from customer relationship management (CRM) systems, email marketing systems, customer service platforms, or billing and invoicing systems. They include data points like these: Whether a lead opens marketing emails, visits the company website, downloads company whitepapers, submits questions to the support system, etc.
External information includes such factors as the lead’s job title and additional information about the lead’s company, like its employee count, job openings, web presence, social media presence, technologies installed, patents, trademarks, and more. Static external signals like firmographics (industry, location, or company size) are more important for qualification of early stage leads, while dynamic external signals, such as news about new investment round, new office opening or executive change, are more useful for monitoring late stage opportunities and managing customer success.
Where can you get more?
To collect external signals, predictive analytics vendors have built in-house data crawlers as well as licensing the data from third-party data providers. Here’s an overview of the options.
The veterans of business information — D&B and InfoUSA — mostly collect the information manually, with the help of call centers. They focus on collecting general companies’ firmographics, like location, number of employees, industry category, and contact information for key employees. But they rarely have company websites, multiple email domains, social network accounts, or other information found on the Web.
Younger companies like my startup, Orb Intelligence, crawl information on the Web and from government filings and provide it via API to marketing software vendors. Datanyze and BuiltWith crawl the web to collect data about what technologies are installed on companies’ websites. Enigma.iointegrates and indexes United States government filings. HG Data collects information about software products used by companies and provides competitive intelligence data for the technology industry. ZoomInfo and data.com focus on collecting employees’ contact information.
As the marketing software ecosystem matures and defines its requirements for business information, we are likely to see business information providers grow into data platforms for marketing applications. This in turn would free marketing software vendors from the burden of data collection and maintenance, letting them dive deeper into predictive analytics and specialize their products.
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